ICCR Certificate

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The singers of Gwalior and Senia Gharana are one of a few female vocalists in Northern Indian Classical Music who sing Jugalbandi (Duet)

A jugalbandi is a performance in Indian classical music that featured a duet of two solo musicians. The word jugalbandi means, literally, "entwined twins." The duet can be either vocal or instrumental. Jugalbandi singing is a subtle art that demands alertness and spontaneity. Singers are complimentary to each other and so is their singing and their phases. It leads to a unique presentation. Like the waves of the ocean that comes one after another and then melts into each other, there is no certainty in Jugalbandi, the singers listen to each other attentively and a novel presentation is created on the spot. There is an intermingled co-ordination of musical phrases that leads to a perfect duet presentation.


“Music is the purest form of art... therefore true poets, they who are seers, seek to express the universe in terms of music... The singer has everything within him. The notes come out from his very life. They are not materials gathered from outside.”

-"Rabindranath Tagore"